Since the beginning of economic reforms in 1978, agriculture in China has fundamentally changed. In addition to small-scale farmers and large state-owned enterprises a third category of private agricultural investors has emerged into the sector. Objectives of the Chinese Agricultural Policy are food security and poverty alleviation as well as food safety, sustainability and the development of rural areas in times of rapid urbanization. These goals are to be achieved through structural change and the use of modern technology.
China and Germany combines over 35 years of cooperation in the agricultural sector, particularly in research and science exchange. Bilateral trade is becoming increasingly important. Since 2008 there already have been joint demonstration projects in the field of animal husbandry and crop farming. In 2013, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) and the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) reached an agreement for enhanced cooperation. In 2014, a framework agreement establishing the “German-Sino Agricultural Center (DCZ)” has been stipulated. And with the signing of an implementation agreement in March 2015, the DCZ started becoming operational.
The DCZ will intensify the cooperation between China and Germany in the agricultural sector and serve as a dialogue platform for the layout of bilateral relations. The aim is to deepen political cooperation and the exchange of experts, to strategically align and focus scientific cooperation and to promote economic cooperation.
The DCZ consists of a central office and currently four on-site demonstration projects. The headquarters of the DCZ is located in Beijing. It coordinates the activities of the demonstration projects, which are hosted by local agricultural authorities and jointly selected agricultural farms and private implementing entities.
The DCZ will work on topics by means of expert exchanges, development of position papers and materials, conducting of study tours, workshops and conferences, all supported by public relations.
It offers support to prospective and interested parties from the agricultural sector by contacting institutions and professionals in the respective partner country.